Limburgerhof is the youngest independent town in the Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis. It became politically independent on the 1st January 1930, when it was formed from parts of the land belonging to Mutterstadt, Neuhofen, Rheingönheim and Schifferstadt. Although the town could already look back on several hundred years of history.
In 1035 the King of the Saliers Konrad II gave the land around Schifferstadt to the Limburg Abbey. The land nowadays belonging to Limburgerhof was part of it. The oldest part of Limburgerhof that still exists is Rehhütte which was first mentioned in 1590. The mill on the Rehbach stream had already been mentioned in 1241. In 1664 Elector Karl Ludwig settled two Mennonite families from Switzerland in Kohlhof, which is still part of Limburgerhof. From their land six farms developed. The Mennonite community still exists.
In 1826 Graf Waldner von Freundstein bought the estate on the crossroads between Mannheimer Weg and the Mainz to Speyer road that Francois Biechy established in 1807. Two of these buildings that he constructed are still here: the small castle in classicist style and the three-storey tower in the park. Biechy and von Freundstein developed he land, that in the 17th and 18th centuries had often been a place of war, into fertile agricultural land. In 1851 the tradesman Carl Gottlob Reihlen built the Friedensau sugar factory and began the production of sugar beet on the Limburgerhof land.
BASF took over the estate in 1898. In 1902 they built the “Old Colony” of 63 semi-detached houses as a housing estate for workers. Following this unique settlement came the agricultural research centre in 1914. In 1917 BASF took over the estate and two farms in Rehhütte, which today have been turned into a modern conference centre and estate management centre.
At this time the BASF Agricultural Centre, which has made Limburgerhof’s name known throughout the world, has 1400 employees in the areas of plant protection, plant biotechnology, fine chemistry and fertilisers.
The recent development has run parallel to industrial growth in Ludwigshafen and is connected with the construction of the railway to Saarbrücken by Paul von Denis in the middle of the 19th century. But first the construction of the “Old Colony” was the starting point for this growth. In 1901 there were 200 residents, their number grew to 2300 in 1930, in 1958 to 5800 and today there are 10,600 residents.
The main increase in Limburgerhof’s population came in the time after the second world war. Refugees from the east and the growing interest among city dwellers in finding living areas outside the congested city areas necessitated new building areas. The infrastructure including schools, sewage system, green areas, library and sports areas were quickly extended. In 1983 the officially opened town centre building with town hall, room for cultural events, theatre, doctors’ surgeries, shops and apartments became the focal point of the town. Since 1975 the town has been twinned with the French town of Chenove in Burgundy.
The living areas around the industrial centres in the Rhein-Neckar triangle are more and more important. Limburgerhof is ideal because of its excellent transport links and high living standard and many leisure opportunities. Particularly important in the town is the promotion of clubs, looking after senior citizens and also children and youthwork. In 1993 Limburgerhof was one of the winners in the competition for “Child friendly towns”.
Übersetzt von Jane Sutherland